Kratom is a tropical deciduous and evergreen tree native to Southeast Asia and is used for medicinal purposes. Its botanical name is Mitragyna Speciosa and it is in the family of coffee trees (Rubiaceae). Kratom has not been evaluated by the United States Department of Agriculture and is illegal in some countries.
The Medicinal Use Of Kratom
Kratom is used to manage chronic pain because it behaves like a mu-opioid receptor agonist inside the human body, much like morphine. The psychoactive ingredients in kratom are the alkaloids mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. Depending upon the levels of each alkaloid in the specific strain of Kratom, it could act as a sedative or a stimulant. Kratom leaves can be eaten naturally, dried and ground for tea, or crushed into a powder to be capsulized. A low dosage will act as a stimulant and a high dosage will produce sedation.
Categorizing Kratom Strains
There are three distinct features that are used to categorize the different strains of Kratom. The color of the central vein, the grade, and the strain name. The color of the central vein can be red, green or white. The color usually indicates the effect of the Kratom. Reds tend to be calming, while green and white tend to be stimulating. The grade refers to the potency of the Kratom which depends upon the method that was used to harvest it and the alkaloid content of the tree. And the strain name correlates to the origin of the harvested Kratom tree.